Aviation Projects

Safety Risk Management Program Development

Providing assistance to a medium hub airport to develop an FAA-sanctioned in-house Safety Risk Management (SRM) program that would allow the Airport’s operations staff to manage and coordinate the SRM aspects of the airfield construction program. The Airport is undertaking the initiative to improve scheduling and reduce possible delays that may arise due to FAA facilitation of SRM Panels. The Landry Team is working with the FAA Airport District Office (ADO) to develop a comprehensive, multi-phased SRM program that will be approved by both the FAA’s Airports Division (ARP) and the Air Traffic Organization (ATO). In Phase 1 the Team conducted a comparative analysis of ARP and ATO requirements to ensure the process and documentation used by the Airport was suitable for both FAA divisions. In Phase 2 the Team is currently developing templates, documents, risk definitions, and airport/FAA compliant processes for airports management including safety management of construction vendors and contractors. Phase 3 will entail preparing for and facilitating an SRM Panel for 2014 construction projects, authoring an FAA approved report and completing all required FAA documentation.

Runway Safety Area / Modification of Standard Safety Assessment

Managed an accelerated Safety Assessment (SA) for a Runway Safety Area (RSA) project that required both a construction SA and two Modification of Standard (MOSs) to be completed before construction could be approved. The SA project included a combined assessment of the RSA and MOSs including review of relevant Advisory Circulars, design plans, and the airport’s construction program. Conducted a Preliminary Hazard Assessment (PHA), identified hazards, prepared for the SRM Panel session, documented SA results, and delivered two FAA approved SRA reports and narratives to the FAA for Safety Assessment Screening (SAS) forms 1 (construction related) and SAS 2 (MOS). The project was successfully managed (remotely and on site) and delivered within a compressed schedule to ensure construction could begin as scheduled.

Master Plan Comparative Safety Assessment and Safety Management System Integration

Providing guidance to a large hub airport master plan requirement to design and develop a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) compliant Comparative Safety Assessment (CSA) and to integrate Safety review of master plan alternatives (ALTs). Few, if any, airports in the U.S. have formulated strategies and approaches for Master Plan integration of safety. The FAA regulatory guidance for SMS integration into master planning activities is limited. Currently FAA Order 5200.11 and the Associated 5200.11 Desk Reference propose high-level guidance to ALT analysis through a formal CSA process. To ensure the SMS program is developed with a regulatory compliant and sustainable approach, collaboration with national and local FAA representatives will be critical for program success. Additionally, since no other representative program exists, it will be necessary to design and develop a completely new safety program that will ultimately be incorporated into the master planning process.

Cargo Improvement Program Safety Assessment

Conducted an FAA required Safety Assessment (SA) as part of a multi-phased, comprehensive cargo improvement project at a large hub airport that included taxilane closure and coordination with the FAA. Conducted a Preliminary Hazard Assessment (PHA) using the FAA’s Order 5200.11 Desk Reference Appendix G and program documentation, reviewed potential hazards with the project team, prepared for the formal SRM panel, provided SA and SMS overview information to the panelists, facilitated and managed the panel session, and completed and delivered the SA Report for FAA sign off and approval.

FAA Safety Management System (SMS) Airport Implementation Studies Projects

As prime and sub consultant, provided strategic and implementation program SMS services for six airports nationwide. Developed safety risk and assurance programs including designing risk matrices, identifying risk thresholds, developing risk hierarchies and triggers, and procuring safety risk management software and processes. Reviewed and re-authored SMS Manuals for integration with SMS deployment focusing on future Part 139 integration. Developed a standardized approach to Safety Risk Assessment (SRA) information collection, facilitation, and documentation and prepared, facilitated, and documented more than 25 unique and varied SRAs for landside, terminal, and airside programs. Designed and deployed integrated software solutions to support the SMS program including enterprise solutions. Provided training for management and operations staff to ensure SMS implementation was supported and maintained at project completion. Managed multiple teams to support client programs, provided status reports to the FAA’s SMS Program Manager, and budget oversight and cost controls.

FAA Safety Management System Airport Pilot Study Follow on Study

As Lead Consultant and Program Manager directed the Phase II SMS FAA grant study research for a large hub airport. The Phase II work was a follow on study to assess critical elements of a typical Safety Management System (SMS) program against day-to-day airport operations; only three airports nationwide participated in this study. To complete a more thorough SMS analysis, tracked data from start to finish; met with tenants; participated in safety meetings; assessed legal, liability, and risk impacts; tested possible audit and inspection programs; documented staff roles and responsibilities; recorded duties and reporting hierarchies; and re-visited Part 139 for a more thorough review. Also analyzed whether the Phase I SMS and implementation plans were operationally feasible, functional, and cost-effective. Key deliverables included a Safety Risk Management Guide, a Self inspection and FOD Management Program, a listing of safety standards for the ramp area, a checklist for SMS management roles and responsibilities including safety committees. Additionally, jointly worked with the FAA’s Runway Safety Action Team (RSAT) to review ramp safety; this work was the first of this type of collaboration and documentation conducted in the US.

FAA Safety Management System Airport Pilot Study I

Managed a large hub Safety Management System (SMS) program as part of the FAA’s airport pilot study program. Conducted a literature review and researched industry practices and associated documentation from the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), International Air Transport Association (IATA), Air Transport Association (ATA), Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA’s) Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) and the Australian Government Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) SMS program. Conducted Interviews with various airport departments, Airline, and Ground Handler staff and collected existing documents from industry to use as samples for the FAA SMS Deliverable – the Safety Program Manual (SPM). Assessed the airport’s current safety program readiness. Developed two gap analysis checklists (Part 139 and ICAO/VPP). Conducted a preliminary hazard analysis of the ramp and baggage makeup areas with an aviation insurance partner. Authored the SPM to include safety policy, promotion, risk management, and assurance elements for the airport’s proposed SMS implementation including a deployment schedule and proposed budget.

FAA Pilot Study 2 – Follow-on Study (Proof of Concept)

Only three airports participated in the proof of concept study, South Bend, Seattle-Tacoma, and Concord Regional in North Carolina. Joanne continued her work at Seattle-Tacoma and began sharing ideas and findings as the project progressed. The 12-month study fundamentally dug deep into some of the more complex aspects of SMS integration into Part 139 airports. The study tasks were to investigate data collection and reporting requirements, public disclosure and liability issues, training, management and operational roles and responsibilities, safety committees, risk management, hazard reporting, risk assessments, ramp inspection programs, FOD expansion programs, and audit programs. At the end of the 12-month period the airports were able to revise the SMS Manual and incorporate findings.

FAA Pilot Study 3 – Implementation

Of the 14 airports participating in the SMS Implementation study Joanne completed work with a total of 6 airports across the nation including Seattle-Tacoma International, San Antonio International, South Bend Regional, Indianapolis International, Southern Illinois at Carbondale, and Tallahassee Regional. The goal of this final 13-month study was to deploy SMS by focusing on the safety risk management (SRM) and assurance program elements. At the core of this study and SMS is SRM. The study scope of work required airports to conduct a minimum of 3 safety risk assessments (SRAs). SRAs are a formal process to identify hazards, assess risk, and develop mitigations to treat risks. Joanne has developed a process and associated forms to help manage SRAs for operations as well as for planning, design, and construction. She also worked with airports to develop a scaleable audit and inspection program that was integrated into today’s Part 139 self inspection program.

Non Pilot Study Projects

Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis Study S11-04-07 Lessons Learned from Airport Safety Management Systems Pilot Studies

Joanne was selected as principal investigator to conduct interviews and compile findings and lessons learned from all U.S. airports that participated in one of the four FAA SMS pilot studies.  Joanne interviewed representatives from 26 of the 31 airports from the SMS Pilot Studies;  the findings provided a wealth of information regarding the various SMS experiences at US airports.  In addition, Joanne interviewed 3 Canadian airports for their insights and progress on the Transport Canada phased approach including challenges, successes, and benefits.  The Synthesis Study report will be published in the fall of 2012.

Comprehensive Ramp Use Plan

Developed a comprehensive ramp use plan for a large hub airport that included standardized markings, signage, parking, storage, and operations for future ramp area training, operations, and compliance. Research FAA regulations and requirements through Advisory Circulars, best practices, and local standards. Interviewed safety and operational staff roles and responsibilities and provided recommendations for changes in addition to a standard ramp use plan for future construction, gate management, and safety initiatives.